December 18, 2014

This fall, we have chosen to feature six intriguing papers that discuss diverse transportation options and analyze intra-urban traffic networks.

TITLE: Towards a general theory of mixed zones: The role of congestion
AUTHOR(S): Kantor, Yuvale; Rietveld, Piet; van Ommeren, Jos
PUBLICATION: Journal of Urban Economics
DATE: Sept. 2014

  • Mixed commercial and residential land use is observed in most cities around the world. Despite its ubiquity, urban economic theory is rather silent on the formation of mixed land use.


TITLE: Modal choice and optimal congestion
AUTHOR(S): David, Q.; Foucart, R.
PUBLICATION: Regional Science & Urban Economics
DATE: Sept. 2014

  • We study the choice of transportation modes within a city where commuters have heterogeneous preferences for a car. As in standard models of externalities, the market outcome never maximizes aggregate welfare.


TITLE: Beautifying the Slum: Cable Car Fetishism in Cazucá, Colombia
AUTHOR(S): María José Álvarez Rivadulla and Diana Bocarejo
PUBLICATION: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
DATE: Oct. 2014

  • The installation of cable cars as part of slum beautification projectshas begun to circulate among politicians, planners and residents as a magical solution that offers social and economic integration to historically marginalized urban areas. This paper analyzes the way in which a cable car project became a fetish for the inhabitants, politicians and planners of Cazucá.


TITLE: Different Ways of Thinking about Street Networks and Spatial Analysis
AUTHOR(S): Jiang, Bin; Okabe, Atsuyuki
PUBLICATION: Geographical Analysis
DATE: Oct. 2014

  • Although street networks have been well studied in a variety of engineering and scientific disciplines, including transportation science, geography, urban planning, economics, and even physics, our understanding of street networks in terms of their structure and dynamics remains limited, especially when dealing with such real-world problems as traffic jams, pollution, and human evacuations for disaster management.


TITLE: Analyzing the Configuration of Multimodal Urban Networks
AUTHOR: Gil, Jorge
PUBLICATION: Geographical Analysis
DATE: Oct. 2014

  • This article proposes urban network models as instruments to measure urban form, structure, and function indicators for the assessment of the sustainable mobility of urban areas, thanks to their capacity to describe the detail of a local environment in the context of a wider city-region.


TITLE: Using principles of justice to assess the modal equity of regional transportation plans
AUTHOR(S): Golub, Aaron; Martens, Karel
PUBLICATION: Journal of Transport Geography
DATE: Dec. 2014

  • While equity has been an important consideration for transportation planning agencies in the U.S. following the passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI specifically) and the subsequent Department of Transportation directives, there is little guidance on how to assess the distribution of benefits generated by transport investment programs.